Ludwin E. Molina

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences - Psychology
Associate Professor
Primary office:
Fraser Hall
Room 525
University of Kansas
1415 Jayhawk Blvd.
Lawrence, KS 66045-7556


My work examines how group identities (e.g., ethnicity, nationality) and group-based power asymmetries (e.g., high vs. low group status) influence group relations (see Tropp & Molina, 2012). My research considers the tension between national unity and diversity. Using multiple methods and diverse samples, I have tested theory-based hypotheses concerning 1) ethnic group differences on levels of national identification (e.g., Staerkle, Sidanius, Green, & Molina, 2010), 2) the role that constructions of national identity (e.g., America=White) have on attitudes toward immigration policy (e.g., Mukherjee, Molina, & Adams, 2013), and 3) the effects of recognition of valued subgroup identities on identifying with the superordinate group (e.g., nation; see Huo & Molina, 2006; Molina, Phillips, & Sidanius, 2014).

A large portion of my research has emphasized a psychology of the dominant and a psychology of the subordinate (Martin-Baro, 1994; Sidanius & Pratto, 1999) across constructs of national identity, respect, immigration, and contact conditions (e.g., Molina & Wittig, 2006; Molina, Wittig, & Giang, 2004). Because of this interest, I have made an effort to collect data from ethnic/racial majority and minority groups in the U.S. This has resulted in conducting “full circle” intergroup relations research that includes the voices of those at the center and at the margins of society. Rather than exclusively examining Whites’ perceptions of ethnic/racial minority groups or discrimination, the lens is turned and these same events are examined from the perspective of the individuals who are the targets of discrimination.


Ph.D., Social Psychology, University of California

M.A., Psychology, University of California

M.A., General-Experimental Psychology, California State University

B.A., Psychology and English, University of California

Teaching Interests

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology and social issues
  • Intergroup relations
  • Political Psychology
  • Immigration
  • Diversity science
  • Field and survey research methods
  • Social psychology and film
  • Social justice

Research Interests

  • Intergroup relations
  • National identity
  • Diversity
  • Immigration
  • Power
  • Group hierarchy
  • Compensatory control
  • Race and sports
  • Contact conditions

Upcoming Special Events


A memorial service in honor of Larry Wrightsman be will held in the Bruckmiller Room at the Adams Alumni Center on campus on Wednesday, October 30 from 3:30 - 5:00 P.M. with a reception immediatley following until 6:30 P.M We hope you can attend!  To help us better keep track of likely attendees, please RSVP using this link.  Feel free to pass this on to any others who might be interested in attending!