Psychology People Section header


« Return to list of Faculty

Ludwin Molina

Ludwin Molina

Assistant Professor
Social Psychology

Ph.D., 2007, University of California, Los Angeles
Research Areas: Social Psychology

Related Links
Social Psychology Program

Research Interests

Research Interests

My work investigates how individuals from different racial/ethnic groups (e.g., white majority versus racial minority) are afforded different psychological experiences as a function of the socio-political and socio-economic privileges (or disadvantages) linked to these identities (Harding, 2004; Sidanius & Pratto, 1999).  Furthermore, I have a growing interest in how (white) ignorance may safeguard a racial system of privilege and disadvantage (Mills, 2007).

These theoretical interests manifest in several areas of studies including: 1) constructions of national identity -- how is it measured, how is it performed/practiced, how is it socially constructed, and which racial group has more access to it; 2) the important role that perceptions of subgroup respect and recognition of valued subgroup identities have for group relations within multicultural societies; and 3) the racialization of immigration policy and legislation.  I also have a continuing research interest in contact conditions and prejudice reduction.

A guiding theme present in all my lines of research is the existence of two psychologies – a psychology of the dominant and a psychology of the oppressed (Martin-Baro, 1994; Sidanius & Pratto, 1999). My goal is to understand subgroup asymmetries across different intergroup phenomena by examining social psychological processes that give rise to them, maintain them, and illuminate avenues that contest them and point towards spheres of social justice.

Please contact me if you would like to learn more about my research or if you are interested in becoming a research assistant or graduate student in my lab.

Selected Publications

Tropp, L., & Molina, L. E. (in press). Intergroup processes: From prejudice to positive relations between groups.  In Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology (edited by Kay Deaux and Mark Snyder).

Mukherjee, S., Molina, L. E., & Adams, G. A. (2011). Support for immigration policy: Racism or concern for legality? Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.

Huo, Y. J., Molina, L. E., Binning, K. R., & Funge, S. P. (2010). Subgroup respect, social engagement, and well-being: A field study of an ethnically diverse high school. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16, 427-436.

Navarrete, C. D., McDonald, M. M., Molina, L. E., & Sidanius, J. (2010). Prejudice at the nexus of race and gender: An outgroup male target hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 933-945.

Staerkle, C., Sidanius, J., Green, E., & Molina, L. E. (2010). Ethnic minority-majority asymmetry in national attitudes around the world. Political Psychology, 31, 491-519.

Binning, K. R., Unzueta, M. M., Huo, Y. J., & Molina, L. E. (2009). How the psychological interpretation of multiracial identity relates to multiracials’ psychological and organizational well-being.  Journal of Social Issues.

Sidanius, J., Haley, H., Molina, L. E., & Pratto, F. (2007). Vladimir’s choice and the distribution of social resources: A group dominance perspective. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 10 (2), 259-268.

Huo, Y. J., & Molina, L. E. (2006). Is pluralism a viable model of diversity? The benefits and limits of subgroup respect.Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 9 (3), 359-376.

Molina, L. E., & Wittig, M. A. (2006). Relative importance of contact conditions in explaining prejudice reduction in a classroom context: Separate and equal? Journal of Social Issues, 62 (3), 489-509.

Rogers, M. R., & Molina, L. E. (2006). Exemplary efforts in psychology to recruit and retain students of color. American Psychologist, 61 (2), 143-156.

Molina, L. E., Wittig, M. A., & Giang, M. T.  (2004). Mutual acculturation and social categorization: A comparison of two perspectives on intergroup bias. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 7 (3), 239-265.


The University of Kansas prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, national origin, age, ancestry, disability, status as a veteran, sexual orientation, marital status, parental status, gender identity, gender expression and genetic information in the University’s programs and activities. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies: Director of the Office of Institutional Opportunity and Access,, 1246 W. Campus Road, Room 153A, Lawrence, KS, 66045, (785)864-6414, 711 TTY.