Associate Director and Research Scientist
Center for Research Methods and Data Analysis
Ph.D., 2004, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Research Areas: Quantitative Psychology
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Current Research Interests
Item response theory; differential item functioning; categorical data analysis.
Journal Articles (peer reviewed)
Woods, C.M., & Grimm, K. J. (in press) Testing for nonuniform differential item functioning with multiple indicator multiple cause models. Applied Psychological Measurement.
Sacco, P., Torres, L., Cunningham-Williams, R., & Woods, C.M., & Unick, G. (in press). Differential item functioning of pathological gambling criteria: An examination of gender, race/ethnicity, and age. Journal of Gambling Studies.
Woods, C.M. (in press). DIF testing with an empirical-histogram approximation of the latent density for each group. Applied Measurement in Education.
Woods, C.M. (2011). DIF testing for ordinal items with poly-SIBTEST, the Mantel and GMH tests, and IRT-LR-DIF when the latent distribution is nonnormal for both groups. Applied Psychological Measurement 35, 145-164.
Hambrick, J. P., Rodebaugh, T. L., Balsis, S., Woods, C.M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2010). Cross-ethnic measurement equivalence of measures of depression, social anxiety, and worry. Assessment 17, 155-171.
Woods, C.M. (2009). Testing for differential item functioning with measures of partial association. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 538-554.
Woods, C.M., Oltmanns, T. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2009). Illustration of MIMIC-Model DIF Testing with the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31, 320-330.
Olatunji, B. O., Woods, C.M., de Jong, P. J., Teachman, B. A., Sawchuk, C. N., & David, B. (2009). Development and initial validation of an abbreviated Spider Phobia Questionnaire using item response theory. Behavior Therapy, 40, 114-130.
Woods, C.M. (2009). Consistent small-sample variances for six gamma-family measures of ordinal association. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 44, 525-551.
Woods, C.M., & Lin, N. (2009). Item response theory with estimation of the latent density using Davidian curves. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 102-117.
Woods, C.M. (2009). Evaluation of MIMIC-model methods for DIF testing with comparison to two-group analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 44, 1-27.
Woods, C.M. (2009). Empirical selection of anchors for tests of differential item functioning. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 42-57.
Woods, C.M. (2008). Likelihood-ratio DIF testing: Effects of nonnormality. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 511-526.
Woods, C.M. (2008). Ramsay-curve item response theory for the 3PL item response model. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 447-465.
Woods, C.M. (2008). IRT-LR-DIF with estimation of the focal-group density as an empirical histogram. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 68, 571-586.
Woods, C.M. (2008). Consequences of ignoring guessing when estimating the latent density in item response theory. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 371-384.
Woods, C.M. (2008). Monte Carlo evaluation of two-level logistic regression for assessing person fit. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 43, 50-76.
Woods, C.M. (2008). Correction to results about confidence intervals for Spearman's rs. Psychological Methods, 13, 72-73.
Woods, C.M., Oltmanns, T. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2008). Detection of aberrant responding on a personality scale in a military sample: An application of evaluating person fit with two-level logistic regression. Psychological Assessment, 20, 159-168.
Balsis, S., Woods, C.M., Gleason, M. E. J., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2007). Overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis of personality disorders in older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 742-753.
Brown, P. J., Woods, C.M., & Storandt, M. (2007). Model stability of the 15-item geriatric depression scale across cognitive impairment and severe depression. Psychology and Aging, 22, 372-379.
Woods, C.M. (2007). Confidence intervals for gamma-family measures of ordinal association. Psychological Methods, 12,185-204.
Woods, C.M. (2007). Ramsay-curve IRT for Likert-type data. Applied Psychological Measurement, 31, 195-212.
Woods, C.M. (2007). Empirical histograms in IRT with ordinal data. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 67,73-87.
Rodebaugh, T. L., Woods, C.M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). The Reverse of social anxiety is not always the opposite: The reverse-scored items of the social interaction anxiety scale do not belong. Behavior Therapy, 38, 192-206.
Lee, B. R., McMillen, J.C., Knudsen, K., & Woods, C.M. (2007). Quality directed activities and barriers to quality in social service organizations. Administration in Social Work, 31, 67-85.
Balsis, S., Gleason, M. E., Woods, C.M., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2007). An item response theory analysis of DSM-IV personality disorder criteria across young and older age groups. Psychology and Aging, 22, 171-185.
Woods, C.M. (2006). Ramsay-curve item response theory to detect and correct for non-normal latent variables. Psychological Methods, 11, 253-270.
Woods, C.M. (2006). Careless responding to reverse-worded items: Implications for confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 3, 189-194.
Woods, C.M., & Thissen, D. (2006). Item response theory with estimation of the latent population distribution using spline-based densities. Psychometrika, 71, 281-301.
Rodebaugh, T.L., Woods, C.M., Heimberg, R.G., Liebowitz, M.R., & Schneier, F.R. (2006). The Factor structure, item properties, and screening utility of the social interaction anxiety scale. Psychological Assessment, 18, 231-237.
Tolin, D. F., Woods, C.M., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2006). Disgust sensitivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a nonclinical sample. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 37, 30-40.
Vevea, J. L., & Woods, C.M. (2005). Publication bias in research synthesis: Sensitivity analysis using a priori weight functions. Psychological Methods, 10, 428-443.
Woods, C.M., & Rodebaugh, T. L. (2005). Factor structures of the original (FNE) and brief (BFNE) fear of negative evaluation scales: Correction to an erroneous footnote. Psychological Assessment, 17,385-386.
*Rodebaugh, T. L., *Woods, C.M., Thissen, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Chambless, D. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2004). More information from fewer questions: The factor structure and item properties of the original and brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Psychological Assessment, 16,169-181. *Contributions of the first two authors are equal.
Woods, C.M., Tolin, D. F., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2004). Dimensionality of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 113-125.
Abramowitz, J. S., Deacon, B. J., Woods, C.M., & Tolin, D. F. (2004). Association between protestant religiosity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cognitions. Depression & Anxiety, 20, 70-76.
Tolin, D. F., Woods, C.M., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2003). Relationship between obsessional beliefs and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 657-669.
Deacon, B. J., Abramowitz, J. S., Woods, C.M., & Tolin, D. F. (2003). The anxiety sensitivity index-revised: Psychometric properties and factor structure in two nonclinical samples. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1427-1449.
Woods, C.M., Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (2002). Obsessive compulsive symptoms and subjective severity, probability, and coping ability estimations of future negative events. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9, 104-111.
Woods, C.M., Vevea, J. L., Chambless, D. L., & Bayen, U. J. (2002). Are compulsive checkers impaired in memory? A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 353-366.
Woods, C.M., Chambless, D.L., & Steketee, G. (2002). Homework compliance and behavior therapy outcome for panic with agoraphobia and obsessive compulsive disorder. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 31, 88-95.
Woods, C.M. (2002). Factor analysis of scales composed of binary items: Illustration with the Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 215-223